• Wed. Dec 8th, 2021

DMC News

We Report As It Is

United Nations ‘alarmed’ as Somalia fighting displaces 100 000

By

Oct 26, 2021

The United Nations (UN) warned Tuesday of a brewing crisis in central Somalia after 100 000 people were displaced by fighting between pro-government forces and Sufi militants.

Fighters loyal to Ahlu Sunna Wal Jamaa (ASWJ) occupied the strategic town of Guricel earlier this month, before being driven out last week by national forces and paramilitaries in operations that killed at least a dozen people, including civilians.

UNITED NATIONS CONCERNS OVER SOMALIA 

“We are concerned, even alarmed, by the ongoing fighting in Guricel which is now continuing for the past few days,” the UN Special Representative for Somalia, James Swan, told a press briefing.

“First and foremost, we are concerned by its humanitarian consequences, which have been severe. Reports are still initial but they signal nearly 20 000 families displaced, representing some 100 000 people.”

SOMALIANS FLEEING VIOLENCE 

He also warned of “very troubling reports of damage to hospitals and civil society facilities as a consequence of the fighting,” adding that such attacks amounted to a violation of international humanitarian law.

The UN earlier said that many of those fleeing the violence had sought shelter in villages that are already grappling with drought and water shortages. 

READ: Islamic State group claims deadly bombing in Ugandan capital

STRUGGLE OF SUFI MILITIA IN SOMALIA

Guricel is the second-largest town in the Galmudug region, which has witnessed a long armed struggle by the Sufi militia. 

The ASWJ has controlled many of the major cities in Galmudug over the past decade, and efforts to broker a military and political settlement to their feud with regional authorities have not succeeded.

FIGHTING A ‘DISTRATION’

Sporadic gunfire was heard Tuesday in the eastern corner of Guricel, where Sufi fighters have taken up positions and refused to leave, residents told AFP.

Businesses remain largely closed and many residents have fled, fearing renewed fighting between the opposing forces.

CEASE-FIRE 

“We have asked them to stop fighting, and seek their demands by means of negotiation. But they ignored our calls, forcing the government to defend itself,” Galmudug state leader Ahmed Kariye Qorqor said in a public address on Tuesday.

“Our stance is clear, we will never accept the use of arms to pursue individual interest.” 

GREATER STAKE

ASWJ, moderates opposed to radical Islam, played a key role in Somalia’s long-running fight against Al-Shabaab jihadists but their relationship with the government became strained as they pushed for a greater stake in regional affairs.

The Sufi group’s recent military advances coincide with upper house elections in Galmudug, which is the last of Somalia’s five federal member states to complete the long-overdue process.

REGULAR ATTACKS AS DISTRACTION 

The Horn of Africa nation has been struggling to hold elections and fend off Al-Shabaab, with the militants regularly carrying out attacks across the country.

Swan said the violence in Galmudug was “a distraction from other critical priorities, namely the completion of the electoral process and the continuation of the fight against al-Shabaab.”

SOMALIA ELECTIONS 

Elections in Somalia follow a complex indirect model, whereby state legislatures and clan delegates pick lawmakers for the upper and lower houses of parliament, who in turn choose the president.

The presidential election is nearly a year overdue, with the process dogged by political infighting at the highest level of government, and feuds between Mogadishu and some states.

© Agence France-Presse

Leave a Reply

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *